A pathfinder is just the beginning of building your bibliography.

Boardwalk Brown, loc.gov, 1914.

Themes to be considered:

  • the relationship between work and play as defined by various social groups at different times in the past.
  • how people have perceived and thought about leisure and sport in the past.
  • class, ethnic, religion, gender and regional views and actions upon leisure and sport.
  • how was sporting culture formed in the U.S.?
  • how did Americans who were not interested in sports keep themselves entertained?

Reference materials

This is the place to start any research project.
  • Search for your topic on Gale Virtual Reference Library. They have lots of e-reference books.
  • Encyclopaedia Britannica
  • R 976 HIS Encyclopedia of North American Sports History.
  • R 976 INT Encyclopedia of Women and Sports. Volumes 1-3.
  • R 796.357 LOV The Encyclopedia of Negro League baseball. 2003.


Non-fiction books about this topic are found in various sections of the library. Be sure to do a keyword search using the online catalog (Destiny) to find materials under other subject areas.
  • 796 M Nike is a goddess : the history of women in sports. Edited by Lissa Smith ; introduction by Mariah Burton Nelson. 1998.
  • 796.0973 R American sports : from the age of folk games to the age of spectators. 1983.
  • 796.323 J Timetables of sports history.
  • 973.9 Y The 1930s. Young, William H. 2002.
  • 973.91 B The 1900s. Batchelor, Bob. 2002.
  • 973.91 B The 1910s. Blanke, D. 2002.

WHS databases

Log into any of these databases by clicking on the link. If you are away from home, you will have to use a remote username and/or password. These can be found on the Library Media Center brochure. Make sure to take one home before leaving school!!
  • ProQuest Historical Newspapers Search old newspapers- Boston Globe (1872-); NY Times (1851-). Be specific (for example:
    "Coney Island" and "amusement". Then click on the decade to limit your search.) Awesome primary sources.
  • SIRS Decades find American history information, pictures, old newspaper articles. Search by the decade you are researching.
  • Student Edition- Infotrac resource for finding reference, news, multimedia and primary source resources on all subjects.
  • U.S. History in Context provides access to over 4,000 historical (primary) documents, articles from more than 30 reference titles, and over 110 full-text journal covering themes, events, individuals and periods in U.S. history from pre-Colonial times to the present.

Internet sites

BPL: electronic resources

You will need a BPL e-card in order to access these databases. Ask Ms. Dalbec if you need help applying for a card.
  • Virtual Reference Library - Includes more than 90 encyclopedias, plus numerous specialized reference sources covering a diversity of subjects including Arts, Biography, Business, Education, Environment, History, Law, Literature, Medicine, Multicultural Studies, Nation & World, Religion, Science, and Social Science. Some "Junior" sources included as well.